# Sorting

## Sorting

Sorting is the process of arranging elements in a specific order, usually in ascending or descending order, based on some criteria or key. Sorting is a fundamental operation in computer science and is used in various applications and algorithms.

There are many sorting algorithms available, each with its own characteristics, efficiency, and best-case/worst-case time complexity. Some commonly used sorting algorithms include:

Bubble Sort: It repeatedly compares adjacent elements and swaps them if they are in the wrong order. It continues until the entire array is sorted.

Selection Sort: It repeatedly selects the smallest (or largest) element from the unsorted part of the array and swaps it with the element in the current position.

Insertion Sort: It builds the final sorted array one element at a time by inserting each element into its correct position among the already sorted elements.

Merge Sort: It follows the divide-and-conquer approach by recursively dividing the array into smaller subarrays, sorting them, and then merging them to obtain the final sorted array.

Quick Sort: It also follows the divide-and-conquer approach and selects a pivot element, partitions the array around the pivot, and recursively sorts the subarrays before and after the pivot.

The choice of sorting algorithm depends on various factors such as the size of the data, the expected range of values, stability requirements, memory usage, and desired time complexity. Each sorting algorithm has its own trade-offs in terms of time complexity, space complexity, and stability.

Sorting is a fundamental concept in computer science, and understanding different sorting algorithms is essential for efficiently manipulating and organizing data in various applications.